“On 8th February 1902 Capt. Cornwall went with ten NCO’s and men to bring in a wagon etc. on Auge Wyst. While doing so he was attacked by a force of Boers. Captain Cornwall and Sgt. Pedley advanced to a good position, which they held against the Boers in order to cover the retreat of the wagon and their party.
They were eventually cut off and surrounded by the enemy but made a good attempt to dash through them. Captain Cornwall’s horse was hit and Sgt. Pedley returned and took him up on his horse under heavy fire.
This horse was then shot and both Officers were then captured”.
William Pedley earned the clasps on the QSA for 8 months’ service with the Coldstream Guards in South Africa in 1899-1900. He returned to the UK in mid-1900 and applied for a transfer to the SA Constabulary in London on 30 January 1901. His return to the UK must have been for medical reasons to have qualified him for a KSA which required 18 months’ service.
Pedley’s 5 clasp QSA was issued off the SAC roll on 2 Dec 1904. However, the Paard clasp was returned to Woolwich in 1905, presumably because it did not feature on the QSA roll for the Coldstream Guards (unofficial rivets between 2nd and 3rd clasps).
He was mentioned in the London Gazette of 25 April 1902, p 2779:
“For gallantry at Auge Wyst on 8th February 1902” and awarded a DCM in the London Gazette of 31 October 1902, p6908. Pedley’s DCM was received by the District Commandant, “C” Division, SAC in Ermelo on 30 January 1903 “for presentation to him by the O/C 13 Troop on the first suitable opportunity on parade”.
His DCM’s present whereabouts, as well as that of his SAC Gallantry Badge is not known.
DCM VR (3420 Sq: Sjt: Major E. Mander. 7th. Dragoon Gds:);
QSA (6) Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Belfast, South Africa 1901, clasps re-mounted in this order (3420 Sjt. E. Mander, 7/D.G.) engraved naming;
Army LS&GC EdVII (3420 Sq. Sjt: Maj: W. Mander. 7/Dgn: Gds:) polished
Provenance: Buckland Dix & Wood, April 1995 (when the SA01 clasp on the QSA was first, not last)
DCM LG 27 September 1901.
Edwin Mander was born in Birmingham in 1868 and attested there for the 7th Dragoon Guards on 27 November 1886. He served with the Regiment in India and Egypt from 18 September 1888 to 11 November 1894, and was promoted Corporal on 26 September 1894. Advanced Sergeant on 9 June 1898, he served with the Regiment in South Africa during the Boer War from 8 February 1900 to 28 January 1901, was promoted Squadron Sergeant Major on 6 May 1900, and was Mentioned in Lord Roberts’ Despatch on 29 November 1900 for special and meritorious service. He was also awarded the DCM one of only 5 DCMs awarded to the Regiment for the Boer War, the Regimental History stating: ‘Near Olifants Vlei, 28 May 1900 - Captain Newman and SSM Mander also distinguished themselves by returning to the assistance of a man whose horse had been shot.’
Returning home, Mander saw further peace-time service in South Africa from 15 September 1902 to 8 August 1904, and was awarded his Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, with Gratuity, per Army Order 90 of April 1906. He was discharged on 26 November 1907, after 21 years’ service.