DSO GV, silver-gilt and enamel, complete with top bar;
QSA (4) Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901 (Pte. A. N. Fraser, Vol: Med: S.C.);
1914-15 Star (Capt. A. N. Fraser. R.A.M.C.);
BWM and VM with MID oak leaves (Lt. Col. A. N. Fraser.);
IGS 1908 (2) Afghanistan N.W.F. 1919, Waziristan 1921-24 (Maj. A. N. Fraser, R.A.M.C.);
War Medal 1939-45 (Colonel A. N. Fraser), privately impressed naming;
Germany, Red Cross Order, 1937 issue, 1st Class neck badge, gilt and enamel, with riband bar bearing emblem and neck ribbon, in its case of issue,
DSO LG 3 June 1916.
Alastair Norman Fraser was born at Duirinish, Rosshire on 10 March 1881, the son of Major-General C. A. D. Fraser. Educated at Blair Lodge and Edinburgh University, he qualified as a M.B. and Ch.B. in 1904. He served in the ranks of the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps during the Boer War. After qualification he was commissioned a Lieutenant in the R.A.M.C. in July 1904. Promoted a Captain in January 1908 and a Major in July 1915, he held the rank of Temporary Lieutenant-Colonel, July-October 1917 and Acting Lieutenant-Colonel, December 1918-February 1919. He was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel in December 1926 and attained the rank of Colonel in September 1933, being placed on Retired Pay on 2 September 1937. His extensive military service took him to North China, 1905-08; Straits Settlements, 1912-15 and Egypt, 1915-16. During 1916-18 he was C.O. of the R.A.M.C. Training Centre and Commandant of the R.A.M.C. Officers School of Instruction. Later in 1918 and into 1919 he was C.O. of the 20th Field Ambulance in France, with a DSO and a mention (LG 21 June 1916, refers).
He then served in India, 1919-23 and 1926-31. It was as D.D.M.S. at F.H.Q. Gibraltar, 1933-37, that he came to be awarded the German Red Cross Order for his part in tending the wounded from the German ship Deutschand. The Deutschland (later renamed Lützow) was officially designated an ‘armoured ship’ or ‘heavy cruiser’ but was actually a light battlecruiser, popularly referred to at the time as a ‘pocket battleship’. During the Spanish Civil War the ship was deployed along the Spanish coast, ostensibly as a part of an international force charged with keeping the sea lanes open but actually supporting Franco and the Spanish ‘Nationalists’. On 29 May 1937, the ship was at anchor off Ibiza in the Balearic Islands, when she was bombed by two ‘Republican’ bombers. The aircraft dropped 12 bombs, two of which hit - one of which hit the unprotected mess quarters in the forward part of the ship causing heavy casualties. Early reports listed 23 dead, 19 severely wounded and 30 plus less seriously wounded. Needing specialist facilities to treat many of the wounded, the ship made for nearby Gibraltar. There the wounded received treatment at the military hospital, and such was the influx of patients during this ‘time of peace’ that a reinforcement party of nurses was summoned to the base. The Germans were appreciative of the help extended and extensively awarded their Red Cross Order to those who gave assistance - Colonel Fraser was one of five officers to be awarded the 1st Class of the Order; presentations being made at Gibraltar by Admiral Carls on 17 August 1937. Although they were not to know it, recipients had but two years during which to wear their German decoration. Colonel Fraser was placed on Retired Pay on 2 September 1937 but rejoined on 1 September 1939. During the Second World War he was A.D.M.S. H.Q. Northumbrian Area, 1939-41 and A.D.M.S. H.Q. Durham and N. Riding County Area, 1941-42.
Colonel Fraser reverted to Retired Pay on 1 August 1942 and died on 5 March 1964.
The Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George, silver-gilt and enamel, this loose;
CB (Military), silver-gilt and enamel;
Egypt and Sudan 1882-89, undated reverse, (1) Suakin 1885;
IGS 1854 (4) Burma 1885-7, Burma 1887-9, Chin-Lushai 1889-90, Burma 1889-92;
IGS 1895 (1) Punjab Frontier 1897-98;
QSA (5) Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902;
KCMG LG 14 October 1919.
CB LG 10 August 1917
Robert Samuel Findlay Henderson was born in Calcutta on 11 December 1858, and was educated at Fettes College and the University of Edinburgh. A keen Rugby player, he was captain of the University XV for three years, and was selected as a reserve for the Scotland International team. Moving to London, he trained at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School, and played Rugby for Blackheath. Having not been awarded a cap by Scotland, he was eligible to play for England, and made his international debut for England against Wales in the Home Nations Championship (the precursor to today’s Six Nations) at Swansea on 16 December 1882, scoring one of England’s six tries in a convincing win; over the next two seasons he played a further four matches, two against Scotland and two more against Wales, winning all five.
Henderson entered the Army Medical Service as a Surgeon on 2 August 1884, and served in the Sudan, being present during the operations at Suakin, 1 March to 14 May 1885. Proceeding to India, he served in Burma from 1886-89; during the Chin-Lushai Expedition from 13 November 1889 to 30 April 1890; and with the Wuntho Field Force under the command of General Wolselsy against insurgents in Burma, 18 February to 17 May 1891 (Mentioned in Despatches LG 9 February 1892). After further service on the North West Frontier from 1897-98, Henderson proceeded to South Africa and saw action during the Boer War, being present during operations in the Cape Colony, May 1901; in the Transvaal, May 1901 to April 1902; and in the Orange River Colony, April to May 1902.
In 1907 he was appointed Secretary to the Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley, and the following year was appointed Secretary to the Principal Medical Officer in India, Sir Francis Trevor. He was also appointed an honorary Physician to H.M. the King in 1910. On promotion in 1914, he was posted as Assistant Director, Medical Services to the 4th Division at Quetta, and in 1915 transferred in the same role to the 17th Division. His final posting was as Director-General of the New Zealand Medical Services, with the rank of Surgeon-General, a post he held at the specific request of the New Zealand Government from 1 August 1915 until his retirement following the conclusion of the Great War.
For his services during the Great War Henderson was Mentioned in Despatches (LG 27 July 1917); created a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1917; and created a Knight Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George in 1919. From January 1908 until the outbreak of the Great War he also held the Prussian Order of the Red Eagle. He died in Queen Alexandra’s Military Hospital, London, on 5 October 1924.
Sold for a hammer price of £350. Totals (inc VAT on the commission for the UK only): £434. R8,600. Au$760. Can$730. US$560
Ashanti Star 1896, unnamed;
QSA (3) Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal (8286 S. Major R. H. Green, R.A.M.C.);
KSA (2) (8286 Serjt:-Maj: R. H. Green. R.A.M.C.);
1914 Star, with copy clasp (Hon. Lieut. & Q.M. R. H. Green. R.A.M.C.);
BWM and VM MID oak leaves (Q.M. & Major R. H. Green);
Army LS&GC EdVII (8286 Sjt: Mjr: R. H. Green R.A.M.C.)
Robert Henry Green, who was born in July 1868, served in the ranks 1889-1900, and as a Warrant Officer 1900-13, in which latter year he was commissioned as a Quarter-Master and Honorary Lieutenant, and in which period he saw active service in the Ashanti Expedition 1895-96 and in the Boer War 1899-1902, and was twice mentioned in despatches (LG 10 September 1901 and 17 January 1902 refer).
Stationed in Egypt on the outbreak of hostilities in August 1914, he quickly returned home and was embarked for France, where he served until the end of the War, gaining three further “mentions” (LG 22 June 1915, 1 January 1916 and 10 July 1919 refer), and advancement to Q.M. and Hon. Captain in July 1917 and to Temporary Major later in the same month. Green, who served at Woolwich 1919-20 and attained the substantive rank of Major on his retirement in September 1922, died in September 1948.
[ CB ]
QSA (6) Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, Driefontein, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Belfast (Capt R.A.M.C.)
KSA (2) (Capt M.B. R.A.M.C.)
BWM and Victory Medal (Lt Col C.C. Cumming)
Charles Chevin Cumming was born in Glasgow 23/6/75, qualified MB, ChB Glasgow 1899, commissioned Lieut 4/12/99, promoted Capt 4/12/02, Maj 4/6/11, Lt Col 1/3/15, Col 15/9/26, attached to 14th Hussars in Boer war, awarded CB 3/6/16, served India 1903-08, Malta 1913-17, landed France Jul 1917, served India 1922-26, BAOR 1927-28, Malta 1928-30, was a specialist in Bacteriology. He retired in Malta 15/9/30 and died there 2/4/47.