South African units

South African Constabulary


APPENDIX 1

 

Copy of Telegram received 17th June 1902

From : Chief of Staff, Pretoria

To : Inspector-General, South African Constabulary, Johannesburg

“In handing over the South African Constabulary, I am desired by the General Officer Commanding-in Chief, to express to you his warm appreciation of the good conduct, endurance and gallantry by which they have distinguished throughout the Campaign (Stop). The Officers and Men of the Force have encountered hardship, isolation and danger with a cheerful alacrity which overcame all difficulties and has earned them the affection and respect of their late Comrades in the Regular and Irregular Forces of South Africa (Stop). The South African Constabulary has now before it the great and noble task of embodying in the eyes of the Burghers of the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony, the character and behavior of their British fellow subjects, of whom they must be for some time the most auspicious exponents (Stop). Lord Kitchener feels sure he could not leave the good name of our Nation in better hands.”

Extract from a speech made by the Right Honourable, Joseph Chamberlain, Secretary of State for the Colonies, in the House of Commons in 1903

“I attach the utmost importance to the South African Constabulary, to the new Force, as a great civilising and uniting influence. (Hear, Hear) It may have been regarded in the past exclusively from its military capacity, and indeed during the War, it distinguished itself under military command, and some of the most gallant little actions of the War conferred the greatest credit on the members of the Force.

“When I had an opportunity of addressing them, I impressed on the men that this part of their work was over, and that we expected from them in peace greater services even than those which they had rendered in War. We regard them not as a garrison, but as the protectors and friend of the people : and if the House will only consider the circumstances under which the Administration has been conducted in those immense spaces they will see what it is I mean. How can you bring a Central Government into anything like personal touch with isolated farmers hundreds of miles away across the trackless veldt : The thing is impossible. Their complaints, if they have any, their grievances, if they exist, can never come under ordinary circumstances to the knowledge of the authorities. There is no close sympathy therefore between the Government and the individual members of the community whom it has to control. The South African Constabulary has already made its position. Again and again I found by entering into conversation with the men, and with the farmers also,  that the former, learning the language of the country, were becoming the friends of the people, were welcomed at every farmhouse, were doing little jobs for the inhabitants, carrying their letters and parcels, giving information, and settling petty disputes. So much was that the case, that I have had a serious complaint from one Resident Magistrate that his duty has become almost a sinecure, in consequence of the action of a sergeant in the South African Constabulary, who in settling all the difficulties without bringing them to him (Laughter) I can sympathise with the Resident Magistrate, but I am bound to say that I cannot help expressing my entire approval of the action of the sergeant of the Constabulary”

Copy of the General Order received from His Excellency the High Commissioner for South Africa

Government House

Pretoria

1st June 1908

Inspector-General

Two separate Police Forces are in the course of formation for the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, and the present Administration of the South African Constabulary will cease on the 2nd June 1908

The life of the Force has been brief, not extending over eight years ; but its record of unstained honour and public utility, and its fame will long remain in South Africa.

In every district of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony where I have travelled I have found the Officers and Men of the South African Constabulary doing their duty fearlessly and with signal zeal for the public interest. They have endeavored constantly and in all circumstances faithfully to serve the Governments of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, and to act as sympathetic friends of the farmers and other members of the public. Their efforts have not been in vain, and in the wonderful recuperation of the country since the War is in no small measure due to their devoted service. My responsibility for the Force has been a constant source of pride and satisfaction to me, and my last message to the Officers and Men is to wish them God-speed throughout their future lives. I thank them in the name of the King, for what they have done.

(Signed) Selbourne

High Commissioner to South Africa

APPENDIX 2 – PRINCIPAL OFFICERS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY  1900 to 1908

INSPECTOR GENERAL

  Major General R S S Baden-Powell, C B

22nd October 1900 to 30th April 1903

  Colonel J S Nicholson, C B ,  D S O

1st May 1903 to 20th August 1905

  Colonel R S Curtis, D S O

21 August 1905 to Date

CHIEF STAFF OFFICER

  Lieutenant-Colonel J S Nicholson, C B , D S O

23rd October 1900 to 30th April 1903

  Lieutenant-Colonel R S Curtis, D S O

1st May 1903 to 20th August 1905

  Inspector M M Hartigan, (Secretary from 1st July 1906)

1st March 1906 to 31 May 1907

  Inspector P F Browne

1st June 1907 to Date

CHIEF PAYMASTER

Lieutenant-Colonel H Greener, D S O

22nd October 1900 to Date

CONTROLLER

Lieutenant-Colonel J Anderson,  D S O

22nd October 1900 to 30th June 1906

  Mr F G Harvey,  (Chief Quartermaster)

1st July 1906 to Date

DIRECTOR OF WORKS

  Lieutenant-Colonel R S Curtis,  D S O

29th November 1900 to 30th April 1903

  Major D S McInnes,  D S O

1st May 1903 to 31st December 1904

PRINCIPAL MEDICAL OFFICER 

  Lieutenant-Colonel W C Beevor, C M G

22nd January 1901 to 2nd May 1902

  Lieutenant –Colonel C H Burtchaell

3rd May 1902 to 2nd May 1905

Major E C F Garraway

3rd May 1905 to Date

PRINCIPAL VETERNINARY OFFICER

  Major C J Sanderson

23rd October 1900 to 31 December 1907

DIVISIONAL COMMANDERS

WESTERN TRANSVAAL

  Lieutenant-Colonel A H M Edwards,  C B

23 October 1900 TO 31 December 1902

  Lieutenant-Colonel  H W Madoc

1st January 1903 to 30 June 1905

NORTHERN TRANSVAAL

  Colonel S B Steele, C B, M V O

4th August 1902 to 30 September 1905

EASTERN TRANSVAAL

  Colonel H J Pilkington, C B

16th November 1900 to 22nd June 1902

  Lieutenant-Colonel J G Fair, D S O

23rd June 1902 to 30th June 1904

Lieutenant-Colonel F de K Stefart

1st July 1904 to September 1905

ORANGE RIVER COLONY

  Colonel C P Ridley, C B

2nd October 1900 to June 1902

  Colonel H L Pilkington, C B

23 June 1902 to 30th June 1904

Lieutenant-Colonel J G Fair, D S O

1st July 1904 to 30th June 1906

ASSISTANT INSPECTOR-GENERALS

ORANGE RIVER COLONY

  Inspector J G Fair, D S O

1st July 1906 to 31 March 1908

  Inspector A Essex Capell, D S O

1st April 1908 to Date

TRANSVAAL

  Inspector H W Madoc

1st July 1906 to Date


APPENDIX 3 – STATEMENT SHOWING STRENGTH OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY (Europeans, Natives and Animals) in 6 monthly periods from 1st JANUARY 1901 to 1ST JULY 1908 

 


6 Month Period

Officers

NCO's Men

Sub Total

Nursing Sisters

Civilians Clerks

Natives

Total

All Ranks

Horses

Mules

Donkeys

Oxen

Jan-01

88

712

800

1

0

192

993

1167

68

 

 

Jun-01

229

8349

8578

9

2

712

9301

5122

512

 

693

Jan-02

272

9725

9997

15

4

1720

11736

5532

1529

84

4038

Jun-02

292

9190

9482

16

5

2123

11626

6518

1847

114

3891

Jan-03

289

8757

9046

19

6

2323

11394

6397

2493

94

2378

Jun-03

303

5796

6099

15

43

2861

9018

5424

3059

269

2293

Jan-04

281

5389

5670

10

45

2239

7964

4842

2738

153

723

Jun-04

253

4115

4368

9

46

2078

6501

3856

2479

200

677

Jan-05

227

4121

4348

7

55

1875

6285

3236

2468

198

455

Jun-05

204

3421

3625

7

48

1631

5311

2910

2067

194

415

Jan-06

190

3960

4150

6

43

1485

5684

2910

1851

189

286

Jun-06

172

3681

3853

6

46

1513

5418

2740

1742

185

243

Jan-07

150

3411

3561

4

19

1606

5190

2590

1398

190

177

Jun-07

132

2956

3088

2

17

1415

4522

2112

1441

167

139

Jan-08

101

1862

1963

1

16

1395

3375

1867

1088

125

127

May-08

86

1647

1733

0

9

1203

2945

1609

952

117

91

 

APPENDIX 4 – STATEMENT SHOWING VARIOUS SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY WHICH ARE NOT STRICTLY PERTAINING TO A POLICE FORCE

 

1.         Supervision of the exhumation and re-interment of deceased persons during the War

2.         Resident Justice of the Peace

3.         Registration of Voters

4.         Compilation of Census

5.         Supervision of Elections

6.         Bodyguards to High Commissioner & Lieutenant-Governors

7.         Inspectors of Weights and Measures

8.         Magazine Keepers

9.         Customs Officers

10.      Orderlies to Lieutenant-Governors and Magistrates

11.      Interpreters

12.      Clerks to Special Justices of the Peace and Resident Justices of the Peace

13.      Court Messengers

14.      Public and Assistant Public Prosecutors

15.      Orderlies attached to Trigonometrical Survey and Foreign Labour Departments

16.      Gaolers

17.      Poundmasters

18.      Tax Collectors

19.      Sergeant at Arms to Legislative Councils

20.      Escorts to Chinese Deserters

21.      Escorts to Sub-Native Commissioners

22.      Registrars of Births and Deaths

23.      Fire Brigades

24.      Stock Inspectors

25.      Assisting District Veterinary Surgeons

26.      Superintending Dipping of Stock

27.      Assisting the Agricultural Department in the erection of fences

28.      Issuing Cattle Permits and Supervision of Infected Cattle Areas, and in providing Cattle Disease Cordons

29.      Destruction of Locusts

30.      Collection of Dog Tax

31.      Collecting Meteorological Statistics

32.      Examining Asiatic Permits etc.

33.      Distribution of letters and circulars from other Government Departments in the rural districts

34.      Postal and Telegraphic Agencies

35.      Scab Inspectors

36.      Wood Cutting Permit Issuers

37.      Water Bailiffs

38.      Destruction of Vermin, Baboons etc, etc.


APPENDIX 5 – SCALE OF CLOTHING & NECESSITIES

Free issues until 30th June 1906. Repayment Issues from 1st July 1906 (Clothing Allowance included in Consolidated Pay)


KHAKI SCALE 1901 and 1907

Khaki Scale

Scale per man and Cost

 

 

Article

1901

£Cost

1907

£Cost

Badges & Letters, set

1

0 :1 :0

a1

0 : 0 : 6

Boots, Brown, pairs

2

1 : 3 :0

2

1 : 3 : 0

Breeches, Cord, pairs

2

0 : 15 : 0

2

0 : 12 : 10

Caps, Khaki

2

0 : 1 : 3

1

0 : 1 : 4

Frocks, Drill

1

0 : 7 : 9

1

0 : 5 : 6

Jackets, Serge

1

0 : 14 : 2

1

0 : 8 : 4

Hat

1

1 : 0 :0

 

 

Helmet

 

 

a1

0 : 6 : 6

Gaiters, pairs

 

 

a1

0 : 9 :9

Puttees, Serge, pairs

2

0 : 6 : 0

 

 

Trousers, Drill

1

0 : 4 : 6

1

0 : 3 : 4

Trousers, Serge

1

0 : 8 : 4

1

0 : 5 :4

Cloak, blue

1

2 : 6 : 4

 

 

Cloak, khaki

 

 

a1

0 : 15 : 4

Spurs, pairs

1

0 : 2 :9

a1

0 : 2 : 9

Necessities (shirts, socks etc.)

1

2 : 6 : 0

a1

2 : 6 : 0

Total

 

£9 : 16 : 1

 

£7 : 0 : 6

 

Remarks - In the 1907 scale, the items distinguished by the reference mark "a" are intended to last, without necessity for replacement for 3 years. Therefore the annual cost of the clothing per scale is £4  : 6s : 7d. The khaki cloak is however not satisfactory, and a better article, at an increased cost should be provided

 

BLUE SCALE 1903 and 1907

 

Blue Scale

Scale per man and Cost

 

 

Article

1903

£Cost

1907

£Cost

Badges & Letters, set

1

0 :1 :0

a1

0 :1 :0

Boots, Black, police

b2

1 : 3 :0

2

1 : 3 :0

Caps and Cover

1

0 : 3 : 3

1

0 : 3 : 3

Frocks, thin

1

0 : 16 : 9

1

0 : 16 : 2

Tunics, thick

1

1 : 4 : 6

1

0 : 16 : 3

Gloves, buff, pair

b1

0 : 2 :0

1

0 : 2 : 2

Helmet, white

b1

0 : 5 :0

a1

0 : 6 : 8

Leggings, blue

b1

0 : 2 :10

a1

0 : 2 : 2

Trousers, thin

b1

0 : 12 : 3

1

0 : 7 : 2

Trousers, Serge, thick

b1

0 : 14 : 64

1

0 : 11 : 4

Cape, waterproof

b1

0 : 14 : 0

 

0 : 5 : 8

Great Coat

c1

1 : 5 : 0

a1

1 : 1 : 8

Necessities (shirts, socks etc.)

1

2 : 6 : 0

a1

2 : 6 : 6

Total

 

£9 : 10 : 1

 

£7 : 16 : 6

 

Remarks – Blue Scale (Foot Police) – Pattern of Blue Frocks altered in April 1905 to resemble the Transvaal Town Police. The various items indicated by reference “a” in 1907 column are intended to last 3 years. Therefore the annual cost for 1907 is £5 : 4s : 9d

Blue Scale (Mounted Police) – Police are issued with breeches, khaki and brown gaiters and boots, and gloves, and a waterproof cloak instead of articles, to correspond , marked “b” in 1903 column scale. Annual cost nearly the same.

“c” – not issued


APPENDIX 6 – STATEMENT SHOWING THE SCALE OF EQUIPMENT, FOR MOUNTED MEN IN 1901 & 1907, AND FOR DISMOUNTED MAN IN 1907 

Free Issues, except for items noted to contrary

Article                                                             Mounted         Mounted         Dismounted

                                                                        Men                 Men                 Man

                                                                        1901                1907                1907

ARMS

Rifle .303” S M L E                                         1                      1                      1

Pistol, Webley                                              a 1                      1

Bayonet and Scabbard                                  1                      1                      1

AMMUNITION

Rifle - 303” Ball, rounds                              150                  150                  100

Pistol – Webley, Ball                                       b                      b                      b

EQUIPMENT

Belt for Pistol                                                  a 1                      1

Lanyard                                                           a 1                      1

Sling, Rifle                                                         1                      1                      1

Water Bottle & Strap                                         1                      1                      1

Ground Sheet                                                   1                      1                      1

Blankets                                                            1                      1                      1

Bandoleers, Shoulder                                    1                      1                      1

Bandoleers, Waist with Frog                         1                      1                      1

Saddlery, Sets                                                 1                      1

SPECIAL POLICE EQUIPMENT

Baton                                                               e                      e 1

Lantern, Bullseye                                          e                      e 1d

Handcuffs                                                       e                      e 1

Whistle                                                            e                      e 1

Remarks :

“a”       Until 1907 issued only to Officers and certain Police Stations

“b”       Reduced ammunition allowance in 1906, to 200 rounds per man in reserve, 24 rounds per recruit for training

“c”       Issued only on repayment only, after June 1906, but compulsory as part of the regulation equipment

“d”       No definitive scale formally to 1905; issued according to actual local requirements; but from 1905 issued individually to members of the Foot Branch

“e”       Certain issues are made to police Stations for use by Mounted Branch as required, but not issued to each man

 

APPENDIX 7 – COMPARATIVE COST OF EQUIPMENT FOR A MOUNTED MAN IN 1901 AND 1906 

 

Article

Yrs Duration

1901

1906

Scale of Issue

£ New Value

£ Annual Value

Scale of Issue

£ New Value

£ Annual Value

ARMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rifle .303" SMLE

10

1

4 : 2 : 3

0 : 8 : 0

1

4 : 2 : 3

0 : 8 : 0

Pistol Webley

16

 

 

 

1

3 : 7 : 0

0 : 6 :9

Bayonet & Scabbard

10

1

0 : 14 : 5

0 : 1 : 5

1

0 : 14 : 5

0 : 1 : 5

EQUIPMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bandoleer Shoulder

5

1

0 : 13 : 9

0 : 2 :9

1

0 : 8 : 2

0 : 1 : 7

Bandoleer Waist

5

1

0 : 13 : 9

0 : 2 :9

1

0 : 4 : 8

0 : 0 : 8

Belt for Pistol

5

 

 

 

1

0 : 0 : 10

0 : 0 : 2

Lanyard

5

 

 

 

1

0 : 1 : 0

0 : 0 : 2

Sling, Rifle

3

1

0 : 1 : 2

0 : 0 : 3

1

0 : 1 : 0

0 : 0 : 2

Water Bottle

3

1

0 : 2 : 3

0 : 0 : 8

1

0 : 2 : 2

0 : 0 : 8

Strap for

3

1

0 : 1 : 7

0 : 0 : 6

1

0 : 1 : 7

0 : 0 : 6

Ground Sheet

3

1

0 : 4 : 8

0 : 1 : 7

1

0 : 4 : 8

0 : 1 : 7

Blanket

3

1

0 : 15 : 9

0 : 3 : 8

1

0 : 11 : 3

0 : 3 : 9

SADDLERY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Complete Set

7

1

6 : 10 : 0

1 : 0 : 0

1

6 : 10 : 0

1 : 0 : 0

TOTAL

£13 : 19 : 6

£2 : 3 : 2

TOTAL

£16 : 16 : 5

£2 : 7 : 0

 

Note : Increase in the annual cost is due to Pistol and Accessories being issued to every NCO and man as recommended by the SAC Commission, 1905

APPENDIX 8 – SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY – BENEVOLENT FUND STATEMENT – For Period from 1900 to 30th APRIL 1908

                                             RECEIPTS                                                   PAYMENTS

Fines                            £27 114 : 15 : 2         Grants                           £ 3 815 : 9 : 3

Int on Fixed Dep           £ 4 513 :   6 : 3         Miscellaneous                   £50 : 9 : 4

Miscellaneous Rec         £196 :   7 : 4          Balance at 30 Apr    £25 948 : 10 : 2

                                        £31 844 : 8 : 9                                                £31 844 : 8 : 9

 


ESTIMATE OF LIABILITIES AND ASSETS TO 30th JUNE 1908 

 

                                         LIABILITIES                                                 ASSETS

Grants Due                £1 509 : 0 : 0             Credit balance            £23 948 : 10 : 2

Passages & Fares    £  509 : 0 : 0              Fines                                  £120 :  0 : 0

Approx Credit        £24 250 : 10 : 2              Int on Fixed Dep              £142 : 10 : 2

                                      £26 250 : 10 : 2                                              £26 250 : 10 : 2

 


APPENDIX 9 – STATEMENT OF SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY BAND ACCOUNT 

From August 1904 to May 1908

                                                                 RECEIPTS                                                               PAYMENTS

Officers Subscriptions                        £2 675 :  5 : 2              Pay & Gratuities               £4 670 : 17 : 10

Engagement Rec                              £4 244 :  2 : 10              Instrument Repairs              £710 :  5 :  8

Government Grant                              £1 626 :  8 : 3               Music                                      £334 :  9 :  8

Interest on Fixed Dep                          £328 : 15 : 7                Stationery & Print                   £50 : 10 : 7

Wages Storeman                                £143 : 10 : 0

Transport                                               £767 :   9 : 6

Balance                                               £2 252 :  8 : 7

                                                          £8 929 : 11 : 10                                                            £8 929 : 11 : 10


Refund Officer Subs                          £1 735 : 7 : 7                Balance                                 £2 252 : 8 : 7

To memorial Fund                                £517 : 1 : 0

                                                              £2 252 : 8 : 7                                                                £2 252 : 8 : 7

 

 


APPENDIX 10

CONVICTIONS OBTAINED BY THE SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTABULARY FROM 1st JULY 1902 TO 31st MARCH 1908

Period                           Transvaal       O R C             TOTAL

July to Dec 1902                                4 025                        Not Recorded             4 025

1903                                                   12 336                        14 279                        26 615

1904                                                   15 840                        16 708                        32 548

1905                                                   21 357                        12 674                        34 031

1906                                                   25 000                        12 340                        37 340

1907                                                   28 140                        13 925                        42 065

1908 to 31st March                             7 247                          4 338                        11 585

TOTAL                                             113 945                        74 264                      188 209

FINES COLLECTED and BAILS EXTRACTED

Period                                                           TRANSVAAL

1st July 1902 to 31st Dec 1902                 Not Recorded

1903                                                              £12 033

1904                                                              £ 13 008

1905                                                              £   6 490

1906                                                              £ 14 428

1907                                                              £ 15 776

1908                                                              £   3 209

TOTAL                                                           £ 64 944

Period                                                             ORANGE RIVER COLONY

1st July 1902 to 31st Dec 1902                   £ 12 849

1903                                                                £ 13 256

1904                                                                £ 10 641

1905                                                                £ 11 032

1906                                                                £   5 227

1907                                                                £ 12 458

1908                                                                £   3 257

TOTAL                                                            £ 68 711

Total Amount Collected by South African Constabulary : £133 655

Note : these monies were paid direct into the two Colonial Treasuries and were not credited to the South African Constabulary Funds

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